Suriname

QUICK FACTS

Capital: Paramaribo

Official Language: Dutch

Status: Independent Republic 25 November 1975

Area: 163,820 sq Km, 63,251 sq Mi

Population: 531,170 (2010)

Currency: Surinamese dollar (SRD)

Motto: Justice, Compassion, Loyalty

 

Beating Hearth of the Amazone

Suriname (or Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname, is a country in northern South America. It is bordered by French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west, Brazil to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the north. Suriname, the Netherlands Antilles (until its dissolution in 2010) and the Netherlands itself have cooperated on a basis of equality since 1954. It is also a member of CARICOM and is considered as a Caribbean country that is not an island. At just under 165,000 km, Suriname is the smallest sovereign state in South America.

MINISTRY AND MINISTER

 

Hon. Sergio Akiemboto

Minister of Natural Resources

 

Minister of Natural Resources

Mr. Dr. J.C. de Mirandastraat 13-15, Paramaribo

Tel:      (597) 410-160

Fax:    (597) 472-911

Email: minnh@sr.net

Minister’s Secretary: secrminnh@sr.net

CARICOM ENERGY FOCAL POINT

 

Mr. Dave Abeleven

Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Natural Resources

 

DATE OF CARICOM MEMBERSHIP

 

4 July, 1995

Energy Policy

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Energy Report Card

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Location

Suriname is situated in the northeast coast of South America; it is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the north, Guyana on the west, French Guiana to the east and Brazil to the South.

 

History

Amerindians inhabited the country up to the 15th century. Settlers came from England, The Netherlands, France, and Germany, among others. Africans were brought as slaves, and indentured labourers from India, Indonesia, and China were brought to Suriname during the 18th century. Struggle for possession by the French, British and Dutch ended with control by the Netherlands in 1815. Slavery was abolished in 1863. The country gained independence in 1975. In February 1980, a military coup brought Commander Desi Bouterse into Office. In 1987, national elections were held and democracy was restored. In October 1997, an attempt to overthrow the government was foiled.

 

Economic Summary

Agriculture is an important economic sector for Suriname. The main crops are rice, fruit (including bananas) and vegetables. Rice accounts for approximately half of total cultivated land. The export of shrimp and scale fish also contribute to Suriname’s foreign exchange earning. There is a small fish farming sector producing fish, shrimp and crab meat, mainly for domestic consumption.

The timber industry is a growth sector, supported by the abundance of tropical forestry resources.

Suriname is the eighth largest bauxite producer. Alumina and aluminium are crucial to the economy, accounting for more than two-thirds of exports earnings. Gold mining is a growth area despite suffering severely from weak world prices in the late 1990s.

The manufacturing sector continues to hold its own. This sector includes aluminium production, import-substituting industries using local and importing inputs, and processing of local agricultural products. Food processing is about 60% of manufacturing activities.

Tourism is a prime potential growth sector. The interior rainforest and coastal wetlands augur well for a vibrant eco-tourism industry.

 

Airports

Johan Adolf Pengel International

Zanderij

 

Business Hours

Commercial: 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday to Friday. 7:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. on Saturday.

Government: 7:00 a.m. to 3:00p.m., Monday to Thursday, 7:00 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. on Friday.

 

National Holidays

New Year’s Day, January 1; Eid –Ul-Fitr (as decreed); Phagwah (as decreed) Good Friday; Easter Monday; Labour Day, May 1; Keti-Koti / Emancipation Day, July 1; Independence Day, November 25; Republic Day, September 24; Christmas Day, December 25; Boxing  Day, December 26Holidays that fall on a Sunday are not automatically observed the Monday following; however, holiday sometimes given at the President’s discretion.

 

Date of CARICOM Membership

4 July, 1995

 

The Flag

Green – Fertility of the Nation, hopeful expectation, the new Suriname

White  – Justice and liberty

Red  – Love which urges the nation to action, progressiveness

Yellow – Sacrifice

Yellow Star  – Sacrifice in unity and orientation on the golden future