CCREEE aims at improving access to modern, affordable and reliable energy services, energy security and mitigation of negative externalities of the energy system (e.g. local pollution and GHG emissions) by promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency
investments, markets and industries in the Caribbean.
Mandate of CCREEE
The mandate of CCREEE was defined in the approved project document. CCREEE is a specialized agency with an official CARICOM and SIDS DOCK mandate to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency investments, markets and industries in the Caribbean. Currently, the CARICOM legal agreement on the centre is under preparation. The centre operates within the decision and policy framework of CARICOM. However, the centre enjoys full autonomy and operates according to its own administrative and financial rules and procedures. The day-to-day management and decision making authority is delegated to the Executive Director (e.g. procurement, signing of contracts, recruitment) and the Executive Board.
CCREEE has a technical mandate and provides action- and service-oriented services to a broad range of public and private partners and clients. The centre assists the Energy Programme of the CARICOM Energy Unit and the CARICOM Member States in the technical implementation of sustainable energy committments. Under the SIDS DOCK framework, the centre works closely with the ECOWAS Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECREEE) and the Pacific Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (PCREEE) on common SIDS sustainable energy issues and solutions.
The geographic scope of intervention of CCREEE is defined as follows. The centre (...):
- Supports and executes RE&EE activities and projects which cover one or more CARICOM Member States (Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago).
- Focuses primarily on activities and projects with regional impact or national projects which demonstrate high potential for scaling-up or regional replication.
- Works in urban and rural areas. Due to the high relevance of decentralized RE&EE technologies and services for rural areas linked with the agricultural sector.
The Centre promotes the following energy technologies/solutions:
- All appropriate and sustainable renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies, including also partly renewable energy based hybrid systems and mini-grids. The centre will consider important cross-cutting issues such as mainstreaming of environmental assessments and standards in project planning and approval procedures, the energy-water-food nexus, gender mainstreaming, the decommissioning and recycling of RE&EE technologies (e.g. light bulbs, wind turbines).
- Geothermal due to the region’s high potential to generate significant quantities of energy and the diverse obstacles Member States are facing to promote this resource
- Waste-to-energy solutions to mitigate the environmental issues caused by urban and agricultural wastes, especially in the island states
- Small and medium-scale hydro power projects usually with a maximum capacity of 30 MW.
- Biofuel projects which prove to be sustainable. In this context, CCREEE considers 2nd generation biofuels not competing with food crops for available land, complying with the following minimum criteria: lifecycle GHG reductions, including land use change, local added value, ecological and social standards.
Alignment with wider sustainable energy and climate policy objectives:
The CCREEE activities will contribute to and are fully aligned with the following sustainable energy and climate policy objectives:
- The SIDS DOCK objectives to improve energy efficiency by 25 percent (2005 baseline), to increase the renewable energy share in power generation to a minimum of 50 percent and to reduce fuel use in conventional transportation by 20-30 percent by 2033.
- The goal of CARICOM’s Energy Policy which aims at assuring access to affordable, adequate, safe and clean energy products necessary for the development of Member States.
- The CARICOM RE&EE targets which were approved in the 41st Special Meeting of COTED based on the Caribbean Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy (C-SERMS): 20 percent renewable power capacity by 2017, 28 percent by 2022, and 47 percent by 2027; a 33 percent reduction in energy intensity by 2027; and power sector CO2 emission reductions of 18 percent by 2017, 32 percent by 2022, and 36 percent by 2027.
- The objectives of the 2015-2019 Strategic Plan of CARICOM adopted by the Heads of Government in their Thirty-Fifth Regular Meeting held in Antigua and Barbuda, from 1-4 July 2014.
- The centre contributes particularly to the cross-cutting area of SDG Goal 7 on Sustainable Energy and SDG Goal 9 on sustainable industrial development. It closely partners with the UN Sustainable Energy for All Initiative (SE4ALL) which aims at the three interlinked targets by 2030: universal access to modern, affordable and reliable energy services; doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency; doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
- The centre works towards limiting the average global surface temperature increase below 2°C or 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels in line with the reached global climate agreement at COP21 in Paris.